Varanasi: walking in the holy city

_dsc7327_a7-284For many travelers, India is considered a very fascinating destination. India’s Varanasi is one of the cities that a traveler is dreaming about…

Imagine, it is considered one of the oldest cities in the world with a history of 5.000 years, and India’s most sacred,  so, there should be a… few things to see and a… few things to attend. Architecture, history, religion are bonded in a very special way with the local community, very rare to see in any other place in the world.

The morning

_dsc7126_a7-226Ready to start the morning ceremony

Starting at 5.30am is not so common in the western world. However the Indians start at that time, to be on time for the morning rituals in Assi Ghat. This is the Southernmost  ghat, of the 84 ghats of Varanasi and the ceremony starts at about 6.30am.

_dsc7134_a7-228View from the Assi ghat in early morning

The landscape is majestic with the colors of the dawn giving a very tranquil flavor to buildings, tourists and pilgrims altogether. The local priests, on special stands, perform the short ritual and a few minutes later the sun is rising.

_dsc7157_a7-231The sunrise and the soft colors of the dawn

The music entertainment program starts shortly after the rituals end but you need to find your next adventure on the Ganges river.

_dsc7193_a7-240Pilgrims in personal rituals

Just a few minutes, and you find yourself inside a wooden, traditional rowing boat (you hire it with the “boat-man” so you don’t have to raw, he has…), flowing on the waters of Ganges river (downstream that is). The place is very peaceful and calm, however the ghat buildings on the side of the river portray a very powerful presence, although the morning fog makes everything smooth.

_dsc7176_a7-237Pilgrims in personal rituals

All around, boats full of either indian pilgrims or indian tourists (the majority), give the impression that this is something very common, but it is not. Being in Varanasi, in the river, is considered a very special treat for the Indians that exercise Hindu religion. The most traditional of them, instead of touring around with boats (as all tourists do) they, prefer to have their morning bath in Ganges river. These are the locals that they even bring the soap with them!

_dsc7405_a7-305It is very strange because you can see women in the traditional dresses entering the river following some personal ritual, men doing almost the same but without full clothes and also the locals that seem that they use the river water just as a refreshing morning… shower. They feel very blessed that they have the chance to enter this river, and they believe that river can erase all sins from their life’s history.

kk6_4254-42Morning view from the Assi ghat

After the morning

After the morning rituals, some of the locals exercise Yoga in front of the ghats, while others get prepared for work.

Already at 8.30am seems that everybody is out on the streets. Condensed traffic is very common to India. So is in Varanasi.

_dsc6971_a7-197Busy everyday morning trafic

However, if you are lucky to be a tourist, you are still on “your” wooden boat enjoying the view of the ghats from the river. Ghats have been built in very different times, in very different conditions and this is the reason that you can see a great  variation in architecture. Palaces, temples, cremation facilities, an observatory and many different kinds of buildings create a very unique image. It may take about 90min to go all the way to the last ghat, but there is not a single moment that you see something that is not interesting.

_dsc7318_a7-281Common view of pilgrims

Of course some of the ghats have become hotels (some very expensive…). But the architecture was not altered, or at least it seems so.

_dsc7238_a7-258The Chet Singh Ghat, built around 1750

_dsc7271_a7-268Kedar ghat – hindu temple

_dsc7259_a7-264The Karnataka Ghat

The morning tour by the banks of Ganges is the first from the “things to do in Varanasi”. This is the morning tour, because you should take the night tour as well.  In the morning, you can see all the details of the buildings, you can enjoy the beautiful colors, and see in detail the famous cremation ghats! However photography in cremation ghats is not allowed, or better put, has been the media for the locals to earn money. If they see you taking photos of the cremation ghats then they will try to stop you and ask for money. They say that money is a “donation” but in fact they judge how much they can take from you and charge you respectively. From 10 rupees to 10.000rupees any request for “donation” is possible.  If in trouble keep calm and pretend that 10-50 rupees is all you have…

_dsc7495_a7-332Frontground the submerged Shiva temple in front of the Scindia Ghat. In the background the famous cremation ghat the Manikarnika ghat

Taking photos from the boat is the easiest way, especially in the evening. In the morning is (or can be) more… complicated.





kk6_4670-149View of Varanasi from Malviya Bridge


_dsc7064_a7-215Poverty, sometimes words are not enough to describe


_dsc7420_a7-311Taking the morning holy bath…

_dsc7555_a7-351In the middle of the city…

_dsc7020_a7-208Shaman getting info from the world…

The evening

During daytime the city of Varanasi is buzzing, full of life. People, cars bicycles, tricycles and many animals are everywhere. The rhythm or the city is not that fast, but everything seems very busy.

kk6_3914-2It is better to start your boat trip, before the rituals start

So comes the evening. The evening rituals start at about 18.30, however, punctuality is not something Indians are known for… By that time (I would suggest 30 min earlier), the visitor should be around the main ghat, the Dashashwamedh Ghat. It seems that this is the point to be for everybody in the city. For some people seems better to see the rituals from the city side, for others the river side seems more attractive… I had chosen the second option which proved to be the right one for me and the less crowded. The boat owner was a nice guy with big family, who was willing to show me around. So, before the rituals started we had the chance to visit the main area of ghats and see quite close the main cremation ghat, the Manikarnika ghat. Covered by the darkness I was able to photograph the cremation procedure, see the eternal fire (believed to be there for thousands of years), and also admire the beauty of the city in the night.

kk6_4023-12Cremation process at Manikarnika ghat

kk6_4020-11My boat ride ended at Dashashwamedh Ghat, where I was able, with the help of my guide, to see the Aarti Ganga ceremony (or Pooja ceremony) just in front of me. The ceremony was impressive, with intense colors and interesting procedures and it was definitely up to my expectations.

kk6_4144-22Aarti Ganga ceremony

kk6_4169-28kk6_4113-18The ceremony is attended by thousands

Rituals lasted until about 20.00 hrs and then all people were spread through the narrow alleys of the city. All streets were packed and the going through them was an interesting experience.

kk6_3938-6Evening view of the ghats is also very interesting – Brijrama Palace now being used as a heritage hotel

_dsc6880_a7-180Varanasi city busy at night

Besides some hygiene issues that the people in the “western world” find either disgusting or  hard to live with, Varanasi is colorful, busy and very interesting. Yes, you will see people pissing in front of your face in the middle of the street. You will see tons of garbage on the street sides, possibly with pigs eating them (natural recyclers…). Cows and so cow shit are everywhere. Dust and nasty smells are all around. If you can put all these aside, and focus on the very interesting local folklore and tradition you will find a destination among world’s most exciting!

kk6_4524-120Local girl sweeping

_dsc7571_a7-352Pigs recycling…

I would like to sincerely thank my company KTM South East Europe SA, also KTM AG and Barbara Kenedy and Ilia Condou, that contributed the most in order for this trip to become reality.

© KostasKalantzopoulos


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